Originally named as “Kapangyarihan at Kaunlaran sa Barangay (KKB)”, Kalahi-CIDSS (Kapit-Bisig Laban sa Kahirapan-Comprehensive and Integrated Delivery of Social Services) uses the community-driven development (CDD) approach in delivering social services and implementing local solutions to alleviate poverty.

Kalahi-CIDSS consolidated the lessons and strategies applied by two national programs that have manifested a high degree of effectiveness in poverty alleviation: the Comprehensive and Integrated Delivery of Social Services (CIDSS) Program of the DSWD of the Government of the Philippines, and the Kecamatan Development Program (KDP) of the Government of Indonesia.

In July 2002, Kalahi-CIDSS pilot-tested the 16-step process of the Community Empowerment Activity Cycle (CEAC), the platform for engaging and capacitating communities through a process of community planning and action. The site of the pilot testing was Dolores, Quezon, a fifth-class municipality, with PhP1.8 M allocated for the community projects. Six of its barangays participated in the pilot: Cabatang, Manggahan, Putol, Pinagdanlayan, Bulakin 1, and Dagatan. The field team was comprised of five members: Irene Malong as Area Coordinator, Jay Arribay, Ernesto Gimas, and Ray Camiling, as community facilitators, and Ma. Consuelo Acosta as documenter. The pilot test, which ran for six months, provided the experience and model that guided the first batch of municipalities that adopted the CDD approach.

Kalahi-CIDSS was officially approved in 2003 with funding support from the World Bank. Sec. Corazon “Dinky” Soliman served as its first National Project Director, with Undersecretary Clifford Burkley as the Deputy National Project Director, and Dir. Alexander Glova as the first National Project Manager.

The parent project ended in 2010, covering 200 municipalities. In the same year, the government granted it a bridge financing for another three years (2010-2014) in order to prepare for a scale up of CDD operations.  

Under the Kalahi-CIDSS-Additional Financing, which has funding support from World Bank, 182 municipalities were covered.  At the same time, the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC), through the Millennium Challenge Account-Philippines (MCA-P), provided a grant that covered the implementation of 164 municipalities nationwide, 102 of which were new municipalities to implement CDD (the remaining 62 were previously covered by the parent project).

In response to a strong demand from partner LGUs and communities and the support of the Human Development and Poverty Reduction Cluster (HDPRC), the DSWD proposed to scale up CDD into a national program to be called National Community Driven Development Program (NCDDP).