DSWD's Kalahi-CIDSS Project exceeds targets - World Bank

MANILA – The World Bank through its Social Development Specialist Malou Padua reported that the Kapit-Bisig Laban sa Kahirapan-Comprehensive and Integrated Delivery of Social Services (Kalahi-CIDSS) has satisfactorily met and even exceeded its targets in its identified key performance indicators (KPIs). This was expressed during the wrap-up meeting of the World Bank’s 12th Implementation Support Mission for the Project, held on November 11, 2013 in Quezon City.

Kalahi-CIDSS is one of the three core poverty alleviation programs of the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD). It uses the community-driven development (CDD) strategy to support poverty reduction efforts through empowering the citizenry so they can have an active say in the development of their respective communities.

The empowerment process promoted by Kalahi-CIDSS was acknowledged by Ms. Padua. She said, “The empowerment and governance thrusts of the Project have resulted in positive changes in local governance and the participation of the people in the communities”. This was seen in the high percentage of Kalahi-CIDSS municipalities that established expanded municipal development councils for broader consultation with civil societyrepresentatives to obtain inputs for the Municipal Development Plans.

World Bank's Malou Padua discusses the results of the 12th mission

The World Bank has been a partner of Kalahi-CIDSS since it was piloted in 2002. It provides financial and technical assistance to the DSWD in the implementation of the Project, from first phase of Kalahi-CIDSS (KC-1), which ran from 2003 to 2010 and Kalahi-CIDSS Additional Financing (KC-AF), the continuation of KC-1, which started on May 2010.

Aside from the abovementioned indicator, there were other KPIs that World Bank looked into in evaluating the performance of Kalahi-CIDSS. One of the KPIs include the provision of trainings of barangays in planning, project development, monitoring and evaluation, Kalahi-CIDSS achieved 86%, versus the 80% target.

Another KPI is the percentage of satisfactory resolution of registered grievances, in which the Project achieved 98%, versus its 80% target. The same target and accomplishment was reported on the percentage of municipal local government units (MLGUs) that provided technical assistance in sub-project preparation, implementation, and monitoring based upon the Memorandum of Agreement signed with them.

According to Ms. Padua, part of the purpose of the 12th implementation support mission was to discuss the transition from Kalahi-CIDSS into the National Community-Driven Development Program (NCDDP), which will be the scaling up of the community-driven development strategy used and proven effective by Kalahi-CIDSS. KC-AF itself will end by May 2014.

Status updates of other Kalahi-CIDSS-World Bank projects

Aside from the status of KC-AF, Ms. Padua also discussed the other projects of Kalahi-CIDSS also being implemented with support from the World Bank: the pilot testing of urban CDD and KC-AusAID, which is in partnership with the Australian Agency for International Aid (AusAID).

The KC-AusAID implementation seeks to help meet the supply-side requirement of Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program, the conditional cash transfer program of the DSWD, through the construction of school buildings and day care centers in areas where both programs are implementing. From its target of 200 barangays, Kalahi-CIDSS was able to cover 390 barangays through the construction of 143 day care centers and 247 school buildings. As of October 31, 2013, 34.36% of these structures have been completed.

Critical issues that were raised in terms of urban CDD implementation were livelihood and security of tenure of both residents and DSWD staff, given the crime rate in urban areas.

Disaster risk reduction and management (DRRM) was also identified as a critical area that needs to be explored in urban CDD implementation.


DRRM was raised as a primary concern during the wrap-up meeting, particularly in the light of the impact of Typhoon Yolanda in the country.

One of the issues raised was the possibility of the utilization of the remaining US$ 2M grant to respond to the needs of the areas affected by the typhoon. As what DSWD Undersecretary Mateo Montaño said, “There is a possibility of changing the first set of areas to be covered by NCDDP, given the number of disasters that hit the country recently”.

 Many of the areas affected by Typhoon Yolanda are also covered by Kalahi-CIDSS.

According to DSWD Assistant Secretary Camilo Gudmalin, natural disasters such as typhoons worsen and in some cases, lead to the impoverishment of people, particularly those that are ill-prepared to handle situations. He said, “DRRM will ensure that development will still happen even if areas are affected by calamities”.###