World Bank

Kalahi-CIDSS 1 (KC-1)

The World Bank is one of the first development partners of the DSWD in developing and implementing community-driven development (CDD), which started with Kalahi-CIDSS 1 (KC-1) the parent project which ran from 2003-2010.   Its financing of P5.1 billion for KC-1 enabled DSWD to reach out to 200 poor municipalities, which represented the bottom quartile of the poorest provinces in the country. Many of the design elements of the CDD approach currently utilized by the Project was tested and developed during KC-1.

Kalahi-CIDSS-Additional Financing (KC-AF)

KC Additional Financing (KC-AF) is the World Bank-funded bridge financing for Kalahi-CIDSS to support the transition into a scaled up operations. It was implemented in 183 municipalities in Regions IV-CALABARZON, V, VI, VIII, IX, X, XI, XII, and CARAGA. It was started in 2010 and was completed in 2014.

Kalahi-CIDSS-Additional Financing (KC-AF) is supported by PhP 2.8 Billion financing from the World Bank in addition to the GoP (Government of the Philippines) funding and contributions from LGUs and communities amounting to PhP 2.16 Billion. It has a total project cost of PhP 4.9 Billion.

It will contribute to three goals: (a) reduced poverty; (b) improved participatory local governance; and (c) improved social capital. Kalahi-CIDSS’ contribution to the three goals will be achieved through the attainment of the Project objective: “Communities in targeted poor municipalities are empowered to achieve improved access to sustainable basic public services and to participate in more inclusive Local Government Unit (LGU) planning and budgeting”.

NCDDP and Other Complementary Support to Kalahi-CIDSS

World Bank will continue to support CDD operations as a partner in the forthcoming National CDD Program of the DSWD.   Together with the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the Australian Agency for Development Aid (AusAID), World Bank has committed to support the scaling up of CDD to 100% of the poorest municipalities in the country beginning 2013.

World Bank also provides support to DSWD for various technical and analytical work and in helping source grants for complementary projects such as the Japan Social Development Fund-Livelihood and Employment Opportunities for Vulnerable Urban Communities (JSDF-LVUC) and the AusAID-WB Support to Education through the construction of school buildings and day care centers in Kalahi-CIDSS and Pantawid Pamilya areas using the CDD approach. Both are managed through the WB Trust Fund.

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Additional Financing

KC Additional Financing (KC-AF) is the World Bank-funded bridge financing for Kalahi-CIDSS to support the transition into a scaled up operations. It is currently implemented in183 municipalities in Regions IV-A, V, VI, VIII, IX, X, XI, XII, and CARAGA. It was started in 2010 and will finish by 2014.

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Kalahi-CIDSS 1 (KC-1)

Kalahi-CIDSS is a poverty alleviation project of DSWD that uses the community-driven development (CDD) approach. The project aims to reduce poverty by empowering communities and promoting good governance, through (i) provision of support for community projects and activities, and (ii) encouraging local government responsiveness to community-identified development projects.


The Project is being implemented as part of the department’s mission in pursuing poverty alleviation and empowerment of poor, vulnerable and disadvantaged communities. This is also in response to government’s social contract and key programs and strategies in the Philippine Development Plan for 2011-2016 in developing human resource through improved social services.


From 2003 to 2010, it covered 200 municipalities in the 42 poorest provinces in the country. A total of 5,876 community sub-projects were funded amounting to P5.93 billion, benefiting 1,345,767 households or 6,728,835 individuals.

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National Community-Driven Development Program

The National Community-Driven Development Program (NCDDP), is the biggest project under the Kalahi-CIDSS portfolio. In fact, it is the scale-up of the community-driven development (CDD) operations of Kalahi-CIDSS, expanding its coverage from 364 to 847 municipalities.

Its development objective is to have barangays/communities of targeted municipalities become empowered to achieve improved access to services and to participate in more inclusive local planning, budgeting, and implementation.

This was also aligned into a program to support community-driven post-disaster response and development in Typhoon Yolanda-affected municipalities within provinces covered by Kalahi-CIDSS.

It was approved on January 2013 and is supported by the Philippine Development Plan (2011-2016).


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Makilahok: Strengthening Community Participation in Local Development

The Kalahi-CIDSS National Community-Driven Development Program (KC-NCDDP) through the Community Empowerment Activity Cycle (CEAC) demonstrates the community-driven development (CDD) approach enabled more inclusiveness, broader community participation, gender transparency, and accountability in all stages of barangay development process. With CDD inherently reinforcing good governance values as mandated by 1991 Local Government Code, this makes it essential to integrate and adopt CDD elements in barangay development planning and budgeting process anchored on the important learnings gained from several years of KC-NCDDP implementation using the participatory process, tools, and techniques learned in CEAC. 

Community-driven development (CDD) exposes community members to a learning process where they can realize their individual and collective strength, acquire and develop community project management skills and increase their confidence in engaging local governments in period dialogues for the better basic services delivery. 

  1. Community participation or mobilization facilitates local development activities.
  2. Community participation strengthens the barangay development council (BDC). Community participation could include consulting the people on community issues or problems; make them part of the decision-making process on what projects are to be prioritized for funding, and keep them informed on the physical and financial status of community projects. 
  3. CDD engages community members in gathering, analyzing, and validating information about the current conditions of the barangay that could result in a more realistic and broad consensus as to the needs of the community. 
  4. CDD seeks the participation from the marginalized, and other vulnerable groups in the community such as women, farmers, fisher folks, will provide a better understanding of the needs of the poorest relevant to issues on resource allocation and use.  

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